S&E: "SPE DISTINGUISHED LECTURER" - Cost Effective Environmental Solutions for the Petroleum Industry

Speaker: Waqi Alam, Ph.D.
Speaker Waqi Alam, Ph.D.
President Tetrahedron, Inc.   Alam is a petroleum and an environmental engineer who has been providing consulting services internationally to the petroleum and environmental industries for more than 22 years.  He has written and presented several papers on these subjects and co-authored a book titled "Wettability" for the petroleum industry.  ...

President Tetrahedron, Inc.




 

Alam is a petroleum and an environmental engineer who has been providing consulting services internationally to the petroleum and environmental industries for more than 22 years.  He has written and presented several papers on these subjects and co-authored a book titled "Wettability" for the petroleum industry.  He has been involved in the development of several environmental remediation technologies and considered an international expert on Environmental Management System (ISO 14001). He has also been a technical reviewer of articles for the Journal of Petroleum Science.  He was the principal investigator for evaluating the reliability of blow out preventers that resulted in the reduction of BOP testing frequencies in the USA saving the industry millions of dollars yet protecting the environment.  Dr. Alam received his Ph.D. in petroleum engineering from the University of Oklahoma.  He also has a masters degree in engineering management and a bachelors degree in chemical engineering.  He is currently the president of Tetrahedron, Inc.

Full Description
The petroleum industry is faced with environmental challenges that is increasing the cost of production and tarnishing the image of the industry as a polluter.  The cost of environmental compliance is already high and this cost is expected to rise globally.  The industry must incorporate environmental management as part of its overall management strategy, and explore cost effective technical solutions to environmental challenges.  One such technology is microbial treatment.

Treatment of hydrocarbon wastes by activation of indigenous microbes is a simple and cost effective solution for petroleum contaminated soil and bodies of water.  The population of soil bacteria (cells/gram) can be determined on site with a properly equipped microscope.  The microbial activity (production of gas from a glucose-based nutrient) can also be measured in the field using a simple arrangement of three bottles in series.  Examination of salt tolerance showed that most population of soil bacteria are active up to 6% salt.

A petroleum waste pond containing heavy hydrocarbons on the surface, layered on the bottom and soaked into the soil around the edges of the pond was reduced to less than 20 ppm Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon (a reduction of over 95%) in about six weeks.  The treatment was the inexpensive activation of microbes by addition of a glucose-based nutrient and aeration of the fluid using floating aerators.  Soil is equally decontaminated by adding the nutrient and aerating the soil periodically by turning or harrowing with a small tractor.  Contamination of technically sterile soil is treated by mixing with soil containing a satisfactory population of bacteria.

 
Organizer Christa Henager