Reservoir: Transient Testing of CBM Wells

Speaker George Stewart
Technical Director Weatherford's e-production solutions George Stewart is Technical Director of Weatherford's e-production solutions division and Professor of Petroleum Engineering at Heriot-Watt University. He is an acknowledged authority on wireline formation tester and conventional well test interpretation and has made numerous contributions to the science and the practice of petroleum ...

Technical Director
Weatherford's e-production solutions

George Stewart is Technical Director of Weatherford's e-production solutions division and Professor of Petroleum Engineering at Heriot-Watt University. He is an acknowledged authority on wireline formation tester and conventional well test interpretation and has made numerous contributions to the science and the practice of petroleum engineering notably RFT permeability interpretation technique, RFT pressure profile interpretation, rate/time deconvolution of downhole flow rate in well testing.  He has been involved in the well test interpretation and development of interpretation software for over 20 years.  He is currently involved in development of interpretation models for multi-probe formation testers. This presentation and will share his considerable practical and theoretical insight of the subject.

Full Description

The key issues in the identification of coal bed methane (CBM) wells are the stress dependence of porosity and permeability and areal anisotropy of the horizontal components of permeability.The pseudopressure concept can be used to account for stress effects and the Palmer and Mansoori model has been used to characterise the stress dependence of porosity and permeability (sdpp).The simulation and interpretation of injection-falloff tests is considered and the pseudopresssure is incorporated into the pd function (model) so that nonlinear regression can be applied to the determination of rock mechanics properties particularly the effective porosity, fi.Derivative responses for both drawdown-buildup and injection-falloff are deduced from the sdpp model and it is shown that stress dependence in falloff is similar in form to no-flow boundary effects.Field examples from Australia demonstrate that boundary effects are common in CBM DSTs.It is shown that a test involving both a production-buildup and an injection-falloff allows the effects of both boundaries and stress dependence to be identified.Convolution for a constant terminal (wellbore) pressure than allows dewatering time to be investigated.Stress dependence of permeability leads to critical, choking rates in production and rate dependent apparent skin factors.The magnification of mechanical skin due to sdpp effects is demonstrated.In the case of areal anisotropy, a new method for the analysis of interference tests on an observation well triple is presented.Each interference is analysed individually for an equivalent, isotropic radius and the resultant data is interpreted for kmax, kmin and angle, q, using a new algorithm.Several field examples demonstrating the methodology are presented.

Organizer Kris Pitta